Ads 468x60px

Send Free SMS Worldwide

Recent Post

Featured Posts

Monday, May 25, 2015

FCPS PEN Card Form Fill Up Instructions and Sample OMR Form

FCPS PEN Card Form Fill Up Instructions and Sample OMR Form

Bangladesh College of Physicians & Surgeons (BCPS) is the authority to take FCPS exam in Bangladesh. To Give FCPS Exam in Bangladesh, you have to get a PEN card. PEN means Primary Enrollment Number.

BCPS Official Website:

I am Uploading the detail instructions and the sample OMR form (AIF – Applicant’s Information Form) Here.

Guidelines for PEN Enrollment for FCPS 1 Guidelines for PEN Enrollment for FCPS 1 - Page 2 Academic Identity Form Guideline FCPS - Page 1 Academic Identity Form Guideline FCPS - Page 2


After reading the above description, you will now proceed filling of 2 forms. One is AIF and another one is APE.

Sample of APE (Application for Primary Enrollment) FORM:

Sample of APE (Application for Primary Enrollment ) FORM -1 Sample of APE (Application for Primary Enrollment ) FORM -2


Remember, You need only following documents for PEN card FCPS mentioning in number 5 point:

  • Recent passport size photos (2 copies)

  • MBBS/BDC Certificate (Attested)

  • BMDC Registration Certificate (Attested)

  • Money Receipts of ____ Taka

  • Final Prof Mark Sheet (Attested) (If Supplimentary exam, bring every copy)

Sample of (AIF – Applicant’s Information Form) FORM:

AIF-Page-1 AIF-Page-2 AIF-Page-3 AIF-Page-4

After Filling all the Forms, its time to submit the form. You have a khaki color envelop. You have to submit the following papers with serially as described below with stapling.

PEN Submission Serial

After Submission you will get PEN Card. Then after getting the PEN card you can apply for FCPS exam.

Sample FCPS exam Notice:

FCPS exam notice bcps

If you have further any query about FCPS exam of Bangladesh. Please feel free to contact with me.

Incoming search terms:

    multiple myeloma davidson;

FCPS PEN Card Form Fill Up Instructions and Sample OMR Form

Sunday, May 24, 2015

Essential Amino Acids - Mnemonics

Essential Amino Acids – Mnemonics

What is Essential Amino Acids?

An Essential amino acid or indispensable amino acid is an amino acid that cannot be synthesized de novo by the organism being considered, and therefore must be supplied in its diet. – Source

Then again What is Amino Acids and what is the benefit of Amino Acids in our body?

Twenty percent of the human body is made up of protein. Protein plays a crucial role in almost all biological processes and amino acids are the building blocks of it. They are furthermore essential for healing wounds and repairing tissue, especially in the muscles, bones, skin and hair as well as for the removal of all kinds of waste deposits produced in connection with the metabolism. – Source

Though we are trying to give the Mnemonic of Essential Amino Acids:


Phe, Val, Thr, Trp, Ile, Met, His, Arg, Leu, Lys

Expanded and in the same order as above:

  • Phenylalanine

  • Valine

  • Threonine

  • Tryptophan

  • Isoleucine

  • Methionine

  • Histidine

  • Arginine

  • Leucine

  • Lysine

Alternatively : TT HALL V(ery) IMP(ortant) – From Essential Amino acids

Bengali Medical Mnemonics for Essential Amino Acids

আইরিন ও তৃষা মিরপুরে ভাল লাল লাল থ্রী পিস পেয়েছে

আইরিন = Isoleucine

তৃষা = Tryptophan

মিরপুরে = Methionine

ভাল = Valine

লাল = Leucine


লাল = Lysine

থ্রীপিস = Threonine

পেয়েছে = Phenylalanine

This Mnemonic is given by my room mate “Dr. Ankur Sarkar“. Heartiest thanks to him.

Arginine And Histidine are considered as Semi Essential Amino Acids.

You can also read the article to get that amino acids naturally in plants:

Need Protein? Here are 9 Amino Acids Found Abundantly in Plants

Incoming search terms:

    multiple myeloma davidson;

Essential Amino Acids - Mnemonics

Friday, May 22, 2015

Neurology Suggestion for Post Graduate Exams

Neurology Suggestion for Post Graduate Exams

Prepared by Dr. Isha Ali

MBBS (Ibrahim Medical College)

FCPS Part-1 (Medicine), MD Part-1 (Cardiology, DMC)


**** Gait abnormalities??

  1. Circumduction ——- Upper motor neuron lesion

  2. Slapping’ due to foot drop ——–Lower motor neuron lesion L5 root or common peroneal nerve

  1. Narrow-based, short strides —— Parkinsonism

  2. Wide-based, short strides (marche à petits pas, magnetic gait) —-Frontal lobe lesion

  3. Wide-based, irregular strides ——–Cerebellar lesion

  4. High-stepping gait ———Dorsal column lesion/sensory neuropathy

***In older age groups?? Normally-

Pupils: tend to be smaller

Ankle reflexes: may be bilaterally absent

Vibration sense: may be reduced in the lower legs

*** Neurological Emergencies?

  • Status epilepticus

  • Stroke

  • Guillain–Barré syndrome

  • Myasthenia gravis (if bulbar and/or respiratory)

  • Spinal cord compression

  • Subarachnoid haemorrhage

  • Neuroleptic malignant syndrome

**Nervous system comprises of neurons and neuroglial cells/supporting cells

–Neuron is the structural and functional unit of nervous system

–No. of neuroglial cells is more than that of neurons (commonly mistaken mcq)

–Neuron comprises of cell body and nerve fibres (axon and dendrites)

–Cardiac muscle, skeletal muscle and neurons are permanent cells

–Muscle cells and nerve cells are excitable!

–Mature neurons cannot divide but immature neurons and neuroglial cells can divide!

–In two brain areas, the hippocampus and olfactory bulb, there is strong evidence for generation of substantial numbers of new neurons

–Neuroglial cells include Astrocytes, Oligodendrocytes, Microglia, Schwann cells, Ependymal cells

–Astrocytes are responsible for making blood-brain barrier, responsible for formation of scar tissue

–Oligodendrocytes are responsible for formation of myelin sheath in the CNS and Schwann cells are responsible for the same in PNS

–Microglia (derived from monocytes—-mesodermal origin)—known as macrophages

–Ependymal cells line up the ventricles

–Grey Matter—-Cell body, proximal part of axon, blood vessels, neuroglial cells

–White matter—Rest of the axon, blood vessels, neuroglial cells

** Learn cortical lobar functions from Davidson—-(important for Fcps Part-1)

***Frontal release signs are Grasp reflex, palmomental response, pout response (this ques came

during my Fcps Part-1 exam)

**Constructional apraxia found in Parietal(non-dominant) lesion

**Complex hallucinations found in temporal lobe lesion

**Impaired musical skills found in temporal(non-dominant) lesion

**Astereognosis found in parietal lobe lesion

**Broca’s area is located in Frontal lobe, lesion causes motor aphasia

**Wernicks area is located in Temporal lobe, lesion causes sensory aphasia

**Rhythm is processed on the dominant temporal side and melody/pitch on the non-dominant

–Learn the brainstem syndromes from Davidson??


***Wallenberg or Lateral medulla syndrome (V.V.V.V.V.V.I)???

-Ipsilateral 5th, 9th, 10th, 11th palsy

-Ipsilateral Horner’s syndrome

-Ipsilateral cerebellar signs

-Contralateral spinothalamic sensory loss

-Vestibular disturbance

**First line investigation for stroke patients—–CT scan of brain (high risk of radiation)

**MRI is useful to assess posterior fossa and temporal lobes(no risk of radiation)



–With closed eyes, the normal background activity is 8–13 Hz (known as alpha rhythm), most

prominent occipitally and suppressed on eye opening.

–Other waves—beta (faster than 13/s), theta (4–8/s) and delta (slower than 4/s).

–Sedative poisoning—there is increase in fast frequencies (beta)

–EEG is used in reduced consciousness, in encephalitis, in certain dementias such as

Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, sleep disorders, and in the classification and prognosis of epilepsy

–50% of patients with proven epilepsy will have a normal ‘routine’ EEG

***LP is contraindicated if there is any clinical suggestion of raised intracranial pressure

(papilloedema), depressed level of consciousness, or focal neurological signs suggesting a

cerebral lesion, when there is a risk of local haemorrhage (thrombocytopenia, DIC)—-if

adequate measures are not taken!!!!!!

**The quadriceps muscle is most commonly biopsied for muscle biopsy!

**Nerve conduction study?

–used in the disease of peripheral nervous system

–Recorded potential diminished but less or normal conduction—–Axial type

–Conduction block is more but recorded potential is normal——Demyelinating variety

**Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) are most commonly used to help differentiate CNS

demyelination from small-vessel white-matter changes


–Myopathy will cause muscle fibre splitting, which will result in a large number of smaller units

on EMG

–Axonal loss or destruction to the muscle will lead to increasing size of each individual unit on


‘Red flag’ symptoms in headache?

**Sudden onset??

-Subarachnoid haemorrhage

-Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis

-Pituitary apoplexy


**Focal neurological symptoms??

-Intracranial mass lesion




**Constitutional symptoms (Weight loss, General malaise, Pyrexia, Meningism, Rash)


-Neoplastic (lymphoma or metastases)

-Inflammatory (vasculitic)

**Raised intracranial pressure (worse on wakening/lying down, associated vomiting)

Intracranial mass lesion

**New onset aged > 60 yrs

Temporal arteritis

**Primary headache syndromes??

  • Migraine (with or without aura)

  • Tension-type headache

  • Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia (including cluster


  • Primary stabbing/coughing/exertional/sex-related headache

  • Thunderclap headache

  • New daily persistent headache syndrome

*** Anxiety is the most common cause of dizziness in those under 65 years

Download Neurology Suggestion for Post Graduate Exams as PDF

Incoming search terms:

    multiple myeloma davidson;

Neurology Suggestion for Post Graduate Exams

Thursday, May 21, 2015

Free Download Sahifa 5.2.0

Sahifa Version Download 5.2.0 – 21-05-2015

Sahifa has currently released their New version  5.2.0 today. You can change the change-log of:

Sahifa Version 5.2.0 – 21-05-2015

– NEW FEATURE: Optional reading position indicator.

– NEW FEATURE: Searchable icon picker for menus.

– NEW FEATURE: Added Post date to the grid featured slider.

– NEW FEATURE: Added Self Hosted videos support to the videos blocks.

– Improved: Theme speed and performance.

– Improved: One Click Demo data importer.

– Updated: TGM plugin.

– Updated: Taqyeem plugin.*

– Updated: Taqyeem – Buttons Addon.*

– Updated: Taqyeem – Predefined Criteria Addon.*

– Updated: Languages files.

– Fixed: Misspelled words .

– Fixed: Several PHP notices.

– Fixed: iPhone menu bug.

– Fixed: Nested bbpress comments bug.

– Fixed: Below Header Banner Area bug.

– Fixed: Below Header Banner Area background bug in WooCommerce pages.

– Fixed: RTL Self hosted videos player bug.

– Fixed: RTL sliders pagination separator bug.

– Fixed: Translation panel custom chars bug.

– Fixed: Appearance of the top menu items in the mobile menu bug.

– Fixed: Dropdown menu hover bug with Safari on iPad.

– Fixed: List shortcodes bug in the HTML block and widget.

– Fixed: Login widget bug for subdirectories installation.

– Fixed: Disable WooCommerce lightbox bug.

– Fixed: Mega menu item position bug in the RTL version.

– Fixed: Appearance of categories and views icons for pages in the search results.

– Fixed: Lazy load of the images in footer area bug.

– And other improvements and minor bug fixes.

* To Update the plugin :

1- Go to the “Installed Plugins” page and delete the old plugin version.

2- Re-install the plugin from Appearance > “Install Plugins” page.

Sahifa Files Updated

– style.css

– rtl.css

– 404.php

– header.php

– footer.php

– comments.php

– category.php

– sidebar.php

– template-timeline.php

– template-tags.php

– template-best-reviews.php

– js/tie-scripts.js

– fonts/fontawesome/font-awesome.min.css

– languages (folder)

– framework/blocks/ (folder)

– framework/parts/ (folder)

– framework/plugins/ (folder)

– framework/admin/inc/importer/ (folder)

– framework/admin/inc/tgm/ (folder)

– framework/admin/updates.php

– framework/admin/inc/style.css

– framework/admin/custom-slider.php

– framework/admin/framework-admin.php

– framework/admin/framework-builder.php

– framework/admin/framework-metaboxes.php

– framework/admin/framework-category.php

– framework/admin/framework-options.php

– framework/admin/framework-panel.php

– framework/admin/js/icon-picker.js

– framework/functions/inc/mega-menus.php

– framework/functions/inc/theme-functions.php

– framework/functions/inc/translation.php

– framework/functions/inc/common-scripts.php

– framework/widgets/widget-tabbed.php

– framework/widgets/widget-author.php

– framework/widgets/widget-slider.php

– framework/widgets/widget-tabbed.php

– If your current version is 4+ Please replace whole folder. We changed too many files in v5.0.0

Free Download Sahifa 5.2.0

Live Preview of Sahifa Theme

Theme Download Sahifa 5.2.0

Link 1: Theme Download Sahifa 5.2.0

If you want Crack Sahifa 5.2.0, or Nulled Sahifa 5.2.0, or free theme download Sahifa 5.2.0, Please Click the Below link.

Link 2: Theme Download Sahifa 5.2.0

Its the theme from Tielabs.

Incoming search terms:

    multiple myeloma davidson;

Free Download Sahifa 5.2.0

Monday, May 11, 2015

C Reactive Protein Increase and Normal Disease - Mnemonic

C Reactive Protein Increase and Normal Disease

Creactive protein (CRP) is an annular (ring-shaped), pentameric protein found in blood plasma, the levels of which rise in response to inflammation (i.e., Creactive protein is an acute-phase protein of hepatic origin that increases following interleukin-6 secretion from macrophages and T cells).

C Reactive Protein is not raised in

Please Try to remember the mnemonics –


L = Leukaemia

U = Ulcerative colities

P = Pregnancy , Polycythemia

A = Anemia (Macrocytic)

S = SLE, Sjogren’s syndrom

H = Heart Failure

O = Old age

M = Myeloma

E = End Stage Renal Failure

C Reactive Protein is raised in

Please Try to remember the mnemonics –


C = Connetive tissue disorder except SLE

A = Acute infection due to any virus, bacteria, fungus

M = Malignancy

B = Bacterial necrotizing infection

R = Rheumatica (Polymyalgia Rheumatica)

I = Induction of steroids

A = Acute Inflammatory Diease (Crohn’s diease, systemic vasculities, giant cell arterities)

N = Necrosis of myocardiam eg. Acute myocardial infection.

C Reactive Protein Increase and Normal Disease - Mnemonic

Wednesday, May 06, 2015

Pathological Changes in Osteoarthritis

Pathological Changes in Osteoarthritis

  1. Remodeling of bone contour

  2. Fibrillation and focal loss of hyaline cartilage

  3. Marginal Osteophytes (ossification of new fibro-cartilage)

  4. Subchondral sclerosis

  5. Cysts

  6. Secondary Bursitis

  7. Capsular Thickening

  8. Osteochondral Body

  9. Synovial Hyperplasia

  10. Secondary enthesopathy

What is enthesopathy?

In medicine, an enthesopathy refers to a disorder involving the attachment of a tendon or ligament to a bone. This site of attachment is known as the entheses.

If the condition is known to be inflammatory, it can more precisely be called an enthesitis.

Previous Year FCPS questions on “Pathological Changes in Osteoarthritis”

Pathological Changes in Osteoarthritis (FCPS July 2012)

  1. Marginal Osteophytes

  2. Remodeling of bone

  3. Capsular thinning

  4. hypoplastic synovial membrane

  5. Subchondral Sclerosis

Ans: T T F F T

Pathological Changes in Osteoarthritis (FCPS Jan 2011)

  1. Secondary Bursitis

  2. Cysts formation

  3. Osteochondral Body

  4. Enthesopathy

  5. Subchondral Sclerosis

Ans: T T T T T

Features of Osteoarthritis (FCPS July 2010)

  1. Deformity of joints

  2. Coarse crepitus due to rough articular surface

  3. Bouchard’s nodes at distal interphalangeal joints

  4. Heberden’s nodes at proximal interphalangeal joints

  5. Structural changes are permanent

Ans: T T F F T

Bouchard's node & Heberden's node

Bouchard’s node

Bouchard’s nodes are hard, bony outgrowths or gelatinous cysts on the proximal interphalangeal joints (the middle joints of fingers or toes.)

Heberden’s node

Heberden’s nodes are hard or bony swellings that can develop in the distal interphalangeal joints (DIP) (the joints closest to the end of the fingers and toes).

Pathological Changes in Osteoarthritis

Sample text

Sample Text

Sample Text